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Machines intended to make life better for people are among the main causes of occupational injuries in the workplace, according to data released by the Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA).

Based on the results of the 2019/2020 Integrated Survey on Labor and Employment (ISLE), PSA said injuries caused by being caught by or in between objects accounted for 28.5 percent of the total cases with workdays lost.

Other top causes of injury included stepping on, striking against or struck by objects, excluding falling objects at 22.1 percent and falls of persons at 15.4 percent.

“Occupational injury is an injury which results from a work-related event or a single instantaneous exposure in the work environment [occupational accident],” PSA said.

Due to work-related injuries, PSA data showed workers’ wrists and hands were greatly harmed in these incidents. Hands and wrists accounted for 39.8 percent of the most injured part of a worker’s body.

This was followed by lower extremities at 15 percent and head at 11.9 percent of body parts that were most injured during incidents.

PSA said plant and machine operators as well as assemblers accounted for 33.7 percent of workers who were considered most prone to these injuries.

“Elementary occupations and service and sales workers were also at high risk with 17.2 percent and 13.8 percent of the total occupational injuries, respectively,” PSA added.

A total of 37,513 occupational accidents were reported in all industries in the Philippines in 2019. Around 10.9 percent or 4,186 of the total 38,305 establishments employing 20 or more workers experienced work-related accidents.

These occupational accidents resulted in roughly 40,892 cases of occupational injuries in 2019. Both the number of occupational accidents and cases of occupational injuries contracted 1.9 percent and 11.6 percent, respectively, when compared with 2017 data.

Among cases of occupational injuries, around 1 percent were fatal cases while about 42.7 percent were reported as non-fatal cases with lost work days.

A great majority or 56.6 percent of all occupational injuries were cases without lost workdays or those cases that required first aid or medical treatment only on the day of the accident and were able to perform duties of the job one day after the accident.

By major industry group, manufacturing contributed the highest share of occupational injuries at 42.7 percent of the total cases.

The administrative and support service activities came next at 11.1 percent and was followed by construction services at 9.5 percent share.